Tolerance

17 September — Constitution Day

17 September — Constitution Day

abolition, autonomy, Civil War, community, conflict, conservatism, Consitution, critical judgment, culture, Education, emancipation, Enlightenment, Ideology, inclusive, mind, mindfulness, Minorities, Philosophy, Politics, Religion, Religious War, republic, Science, Skeptic, slavery, Spirituality, Theology, Tolerance
*************************************************************************** I normally do not "recycle" posts, but every year on or about 17 September, I re-publish this "Skeptic's Collection" column commemorating the completion and signing of the US Constitution by the 55 members of the Constitutional Convention, gathered in Philadelphia from 25 May through 17 September of 1787.  So I am making an exception to my "no-recycle" rule and republishing a chapter of my recent e-course on the history and  foundations of the US Constitution. The Constitution is an imperfect document, and the original, pre-Civil-War version especially so. In fact, that antebellum Constitution was pretty explicitly pro-slavery because of provisions like the "3/5 clause", the prohibition against interfering w
The First Amendment Under A Microscope — Part 3 Of 3 — The “Abridgement” Clause

The First Amendment Under A Microscope — Part 3 Of 3 — The “Abridgement” Clause

activism, autonomy, awareness, Challenge, Change, citizenship, civics, constitution, critical judgment, First Amendment, Freedom, Ideology, Incorporation, justice, law, political rhetoric, Politics, Rationality, republic, Secularity, Supreme Court, Tolerance, Uncategorized
The third pillar of the First Amendment's temple of liberty is the "abridgement" clause:  ...  freedom of speech or of the press or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. The "abridgement" clause comprises three distinct but intimately related parts:  freedom of the press, freedom of speech, and freedom of assembly. -- Freedom of the press Freedom of the press is arguably the area in which the United States is distinct from all other nations in the latitude permitted the press, electronic and otherwise, in the dissemination of opinions.  It is true enough that virtually all other nations, especially those whose ideological DNA can be traced back to the 18th-century European Enlightenment, have free media, a
The First Amendment Under A Microscope — Part 2 Of 3 — The “Free Exercise” Clause

The First Amendment Under A Microscope — Part 2 Of 3 — The “Free Exercise” Clause

activism, autonomy, awareness, Challenge, Christianity, Church, citizenship, conflict, conservatism, constitution, critical judgment, Enlightenment, First Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, Freedom, Fundamentalism, Ideology, Philosophy, polyvocality, Religion, Secularity, separation of Church and State, Supreme Court, Tolerance, Uncategorized
The second Pillar of the First Amendment’s temple is … o The “free exercise” clause   … or prohibiting the free exercise thereof … Compared to both the linguistic subtleties of the “free exercise” clause and the consequent intricacies of the corresponding case law, the language of the “establishment clause” is as transparently simple as “Row, row, row your boat”.  This exponential increase in complexity and subtlety is due to the fact that, whereas the “establishment” clause pertains only to government action vis a vis religious institutions, teachings, and doctrine, the “free exercise” clause pertains to the myriad ways in which the exercise of religion impinges, not only upon prerogatives of the government, but also upon those of individuals and groups. Ther